*This course has been approved for 2 R-CERPs by the IBLCE
Approval number: C2002009
Length: 1 hour, 35 mins
This product is a recording of a session made January 7th 2020. Direct questions and concerns to firstname.lastname@example.org
The Impact of Violence against Women in the Perinatal Period
Kathleen Kendall-Tackett, PhD, IBCLC, FAPA
Events from childhood can influence a woman’s current mothering experience and her health and well-being. Fortunately, these experiences do not have to be the blueprint for the rest of her life. This session provides an overview of recent research on the effects of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Intimate Partner Violence. Also covered are the impact of violence on breastfeeding and how it can affect a woman’s body, mind and spirit. You will learn how providers can help and how to stay within your scope of practice as a breastfeeding supporter.
I. Describe the different types of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and partner violence.
II. Identify the long-term effects of violence in general, and describe how past/current abuse may present in a perinatal woman.
III. The impact of violence on breastfeeding. Identify vulnerable times and what might help an individual mother to breastfeed.
I. Overview of Violence against Women
A. Definitions of childhood adversity (sexual, physical, and emotional abuse; physical and emotional neglect; parental partner violence, substance abuse, criminal activity, and mental illness)
B. Definitions of partner violence and adversity
C. Overall effects on health and well-being
II. Overview of long-term effects of violence on five domains of functioning and how they could possibly affect a perinatal woman.
III. The impact of ACEs and partner violence on breastfeeding women
A. The impact of sexual assault/abuse
B. The impact of partner violence
IV. Practical Suggestions
A. Times that might be difficult
B. Reactions that might be observed
C. Should you ask?
D. What you can do
1. boundaries and self-care
E. What clients can do
Alvarez-Segura, M., Garcia-Esteve, L., Torres, A., Plaza, A., Imaz, M. L., Hermida-Barros, L., . . . Burtchen, N. (2014). Are women with a history of abuse more vulnerable to perinatal depressive symptoms? A systematic review. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 17, 343-357.
Bair-Merritt, M. H., Blackstone, M., & Feudtner, C. (2006). Physical health outcomes of childhood exposure to intimate partner violence: A systematic review. Pediatrics, 117, 278-290.
Benedict, M. I., Paine, L., & Paine, L. (1994). Long-term effects of child sexual abuse on functioning in pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes (Final Report)
Washington, DC: National Center of Child Abuse & Neglect.
Bullock, L. F., Libbus, M. K., & Sable, M. R. (2001). Battering and breastfeeding in a WIC population. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 32, 43-56.
Coles, J., Anderson, A., & Loxton, D. (2016). Breastfeeding duration after childhood sexual abuse: An Australian Cohort Study. Journal of Human Lactation, 32(3), NP28-35.
Elfgen, C., Hegenbuch, N., Gorres, G., Block, E., & Leeners, B. (2017). Breastfeeding in women having experienced childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Human Lactation, 33(1), 119-127.
Holland, M. L., Thevenent-Morrison, K., Mittal, M., Nelson, A., & Dozier, A. M. (2017). Breastfeeding and exposure to past, current, and neighborhood violence. Maternal & Child Health Journal. doi:10.1007/s10995-017-2357-1.
James, J. P., Taft, A., Amir, L. H., & Agius, P. (2014). Does intimate partner violence impact on women's initiation and duration of breastfeeding? Breastfeeding Review, 22(2), 11-19.
Kendall-Tackett, K. A. (2013). Treating the lifetime health effects of childhood victimization, 2nd Edition. Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute.
Kendall-Tackett, K. A., Cong, Z., & Hale, T. W. (2013). Depression, sleep quality, and maternal well-being in postpartum women with a history of sexual assault: A comparison of breastfeeding, mixed-feeding, and formula-feeding mothers Breastfeeding Medicine, 8 (1), 16-22.
Miszkurka, M., Zuzunegui, M. V., & Goulet, L. (2012). Immigrant status, antenatal depressive symptoms, and frequency and source of violence: What's the relationship. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 15, 387-396.
Prentice, J. C., Lu, M. C., Lange, L., & Halfon, N. (2002). The association between reported childhood sexual abuse and breastfeeding initiation. Journal of Human Lactation, 18, 291-226.
Rich-Edwards, J. W., James-Todd, T., Mohllajee, A., Kleinman, K., Burke, A., Gillman, M. W., & Wright, R. J. (2011). Lifetime maternal experiences of abuse and risk of pre-natal depression in two demographically distinct populations in Boston. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(2), 375-384.
Seng, J. S., Sperlich, M. A., Low, L. K., Ronis, D. L., Muzik, M., & Liberzon, I. (2013). Childhood abuse history, posttraumatic stress disorder, postpartum mental health, and bonding: A prospective cohort study. Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, 58(1), 57-68.
Shaw, R. J., st. John, N., Lilo, E., Jo, B., Benitz, W., Stevenson, D. K., & Horwitz, S. M. (2014). Prevention of traumatic stress in mothers of preterms: 6-month outcomes. Pediatrics, 134(2), e481-e488.
Slopen, N., Loucks, E. B., Appleton, A. A., Kawachi, I., Kubzansky, L. D., Non, A. L., . . . Gilman, S. E. (2015). Early origins of inflammation: An examination of prenatal and childhood social adversity in a prospective cohort study. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 51, 403-413.
Sorbo, M. F., Lukasse, M., Brantsaeter, A. L., & Grimstad, H. (2015). Past and recent abuse is associated with early cesation of breast feeding: Results from a large prospective cohort in Norway. BMJ Open, 5(12), 009240. Retrieved from doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009240.
Strathearn, L., Mamun, A. A., Najman, J. M., & O'Callaghan, M. J. (2009). Does breastfeeding protect against substantiated child abuse and neglect? A 15-year cohort study. Pediatrics, 123(2), 483-493. doi:123/2/483 [pii]. 10.1542/peds.2007-3546
Ukah, U. V., Adu, P. A., De Silva, D. A., & von Dadelzen, P. (2016). The impact of history of adverse childhood experiences on breastfeeding initiation and exclusivity: Findings from a national population health survey. Breastfeeding Medicine, 11, 544-550.
Valentine, J. M., Rodriguez, M. A., Lapeyrouse, L. M., & Zhang, M. (2011). Recent intimate partner violence as a prenatal predictor of maternal depression in the first year postpartum among Latinas. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 14, 135-143.
Yonkers, K. A., Smith, M. V., Forray, A., Epperson, C. N., Costello, D., Lin, H., & Belanger, K. (2014). Pregnant women with posttraumatic stress disorder and risk of preterm birth. JAMA Psychiatry, 71(8), 897-904.